Translating Ancient Chinese Wisdom into Medicine for Today

History and Culture 2

Chinese History and Culture Part Two:

Imperial China

The second block of my three-part course on Chinese History and Culture for CM Practitioners covers the history of imperial China, or the roughly 2000 years from the founding of the Chinese empire under the Qin in 221 BCE to the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1912. Themes we shall explore include religion (Buddhism and so-called “religious Daoism), elite artistic pursuits (poetry and painting, gardening, tea), and foreign influences (Silk Road, Mongols, Manchus, and eventually Europeans).

Required Textbooks used in this block:

  1. Patricia Buckley Ebrey, Cambridge Illustrated History of China (Cambridge University Press, 1996)

  2. Livia Kohn, Daoism and Chinese Culture (Three Pines Press, 2001)

Lesson 1: Unification of China: The Qin and Han Dynasties

  • Study Questions:

    • What’s the great unifying theme in classical Chinese philosophy that might distinguish it from India or Greece? How has your definition of “philosophy” changed as a result of last term’s information? What is “Philosophy”? Are the Chinese thinkers “Philosophers”?

    • What were the greatest accomplishments of the Qin and Han dynasties? Why did each of them collapse?

  • Brief slideshow: Click here.

  • Readings

    • Illustrated History, pp. 60-85.

Lesson 2: Age of Division. Interaction between China and Buddhism

  • Study Question: Based on your personal knowledge of Buddhism, whatever that may be at this point, and the readings, contemplate particular features of Chinese Buddhism that distinguish it from another form of Buddhism, whether its Indian predecessor or from contemporary Buddhism. I realize that some of you have personal experience with Buddhism of many different varieties, so I want to give you a chance to relate the readings here on Chinese Buddhism to your personal knowledge. If you don’t have any prior knowledge about Buddhism, don’t worry and simply respond on the basis of this week’s readings.

  • Slideshow: Click here.

  • Readings:

    • Illustrated History, pp. 86-106.

    • Encyclopedia of Religion, “Chinese Buddhism.”

    • Tricycle,Paging Dr. Dharma.”

Lesson 3: Religious Daoism. What is “religion”?

  • Study Question:

  • Readings:

    • Livia Kohn, Daoism and Chinese Culture, pp. 43-99 (Chapters Three to Five).

    • Patricia Ebrey, Sourcebook, pp. 91-96.

    • Fabrizio Pregadio, “Way of the Golden Elixir.”

    • Michael Stanley-Baker, “A Plant for the End of the World” (blog on “Cangzhu” at

    • Komjathy, “Misconceptions on Daoism.”

Lesson 4: Tang DYnasty: The golden age of china. plus a discussion of the imperial examination system and empress wu and other powerful ladies

  • Study Question:

  • Readings:

    • Illustrated History, pp. 108-135.

    • Schafer, “Drugs” in The Golden Peaches of Samarkand, pp. 176-194.

    • Wikipedia, “Imperial Examination.”

    • Gil Raz, “Imbibing the Universe.”

Lesson 5: Poetry and Painting

  • Study Question:

  • Readings:

    • Wikipedia articles on “Tang Poetry,” “Li Bai,” and “Du Fu.”

    • Reading package.

    • Bifaji “Method of the Brush.”

Lesson 6: Song dynasty and literati culture

  • Study Question:

  • Readings:

    • Illustrated History, pp. 136-163.

    • Ebrey, “Sourcebook,” Selection.

    • Gernet, “Daily Life in China on the Eve of the Mongol Invasion 1250-1276,” pp. 13-21.

Lesson 7: Gardens

  • Study Question:

  • Readings:

    • Online Resources.

    • Cooper, “The Symbolism of the Taoist Garden.”

Lesson 8: Marco POlo, the Mongols, and the yuan dynasty

  • Study Question:

  • Readings

    • Illustrated History, pp. 164-189.

    • Ebrey, Sourcebook, Selections.

    • Buell, “How Genghis Khan Has Changed the World.”

Lesson 9: Ming dynasty: Unicorns, eunuchs, and the great wall

  • Study Question:

  • Readings:

    • Illustrated History, pp. 190-219.

Lesson 10: Qing dynasty, colonialism, and the beginnings of modern china

  • Illustrated History, pp. 220-332.